Gems – Arun Gold Company

Gems

Gems

We responsibly source all gems that go into our pay dirt from around the world. They are added for fun and interest!

Amethyst

 

Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz. It is a semiprecious stone that is often used in jewellery and is the traditional birthstone for February.

 

Aquamarine

Aquamarine (from Latin: aqua marina, "sea water") is a blue or cyan variety of beryl. The gem-gravel placer deposits of Sri Lanka contain aquamarine. Its color fades to white when exposed to sunlight or is subjected to heat treatment, though the color returns with irradiation.

 

Garnets

Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
All species of garnets possess similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition. They are the birthstone of January.

Peridot

Peridot (sometimes called chrysolite) is gem-quality olivine and a silicate mineral.
Its green color is dependent on the iron contents within the structure of the gem.
Peridot occurs in silica-deficient rocks such a volcanic basalt as well as in pallasitic meteorites.
It is one of only two gems observed to be formed not in the Earth’s crust, but in molten rock of the upper mantle.
Gem-quality peridot is rare to find on Earth's surface due to its susceptibility to weathering during transportation from deep within the mantle to the surface.
In the Middle Ages, the gemstone was considered a stone that could provide healing powers, curing depression and opening the heart.
Peridot is the birthstone for the month of August.

Pyrite (Fools Gold)

The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, also known as fool's gold, is an iron sulfide.
Pyrite is the most abundant sulfide mineral.
it's metallic luster and pale brass-yellow hue give it a superficial resemblance to gold, hence the well-known nickname of fool's gold.
The color has also led to the nicknames brass, brazzle, and Brazil, primarily used to refer to pyrite found in coal.
The name pyrite is derived from the Greek πυρίτης λίθος (pyritēs lithos), "stone or mineral which strikes fire", this name was applied to several types
of stone that would create sparks when struck against steel; Pliny the Elder described one of them as being brassy,
almost certainly a reference to what we now call pyrite.

Pyrite is usually found associated with other sulfides or oxides in quartz veins, sedimentary rock, and metamorphic rock,
as well as in coal beds and as a replacement mineral in fossils, but has also been identified in the sclerites of scaly-foot gastropods.
Despite being nicknamed fool's gold, pyrite is sometimes found in association with small quantities of gold.
A substantial proportion of the gold is "invisible gold" incorporated into the pyrite.

Silver

Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag. A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity,
thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. The metal is found in the Earth's crust in the pure, free elemental form ("native silver"),
as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite.
Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining.

Silver has long been valued as a precious metal. Silver metal is used in many bullion coins, sometimes alongside gold: while it is more abundant than gold,
it is much less abundant as a native metal. Its purity is typically measured on a per-mille basis; a 94%-pure alloy is described as "0.940 fine".
As one of the seven metals of antiquity, silver has had an enduring role in most human cultures.

 

Tourmaline

Tourmaline is a crystalline boron silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium.
It is classified as a semi-precious stone. This gemstone can be found in a wide variety of colors. We source this from Brazil and Afghanistan.